Sunday, 23 April 2017

SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 27

Part 2

The second reason for these disobedient people getting misguided by these examples in the Holy Quran is that they have broken all those relationships that Allah Ta'alah had commanded all human beings to maintain. These relationships include the one between Allah Ta'alah and His servant, as well as the ones between people and their parents, their relatives, their neighbours, their co-workers, and those with Muslims in general and every other human being. Islam mean fulfilling one's obligations with regard to ALL of these relationships. The neglect of these relationships leads to disorder in this world and that is why the Holy Quran says, وَيُفۡسِدُونَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ , "AND SPREAD DISORDER ON THE EARTH".

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE
SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 27

ٱلَّذِينَ يَنقُضُونَ عَهۡدَ ٱللَّهِ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مِيثَـٰقِهِۦ وَيَقۡطَعُونَ مَآ أَمَرَ ٱللَّهُ بِهِۦۤ أَن يُوصَلَ وَيُفۡسِدُونَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ۔ 

"THOSE WHO BREAK THE COVENANT OF ALLAH AFTER IT HAS BEEN MADE BINDING, AND CUT OFF WHAT ALLAH HAS COMMANDED TO BE JOINED, AND SPREAD DISORDER ON THE EARTH - IT IS THESE WHO ARE THE LOSERS."

Part 1

In this verse it is further explained that it is only those people who disobey Allah Ta'alah who get misguided by the examples used in the Quran that the non-believers have objected about, and there are two reasons for that.

The first is that those people who disobey Allah Ta'alah break the first ever covenant they entered into with Allah Ta'alah. The Holy Quran says that before any human being had come down to earth Allah Ta'alah had gathered the spirits of all the human beings and asked, "الست بربّکم", "Am I not your Lord?" to which all spirits had replied, "بلیٰ", "Yes". (7:172). This covenant and acceptance required that man should obey Allah Ta'alah at all times, since their is no Creator and Provider but Him.  So what expectation of deriving benefit from a Prophet's teachings or a Divine Book can be held from a transgressor who broke this divine covenant with Allah?

Continued...

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE

Tuesday, 18 April 2017

SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 26

PART 2

"وَمَا يُضِلُّ بِهِۦۤ إِلَّا ٱلۡفَـٰسِقِينَ" (BUT HE DOES NOT LET ANY ONE GO ASTRAY THEREBY EXCEPT THOSE WHO ARE SINFUL)

The Arabic word used by the Holy Quran in speaking of the disobedient is Al-fasiqin, its root being fasaqa which means 'to go outside or to stray beyond a limit'. In the terminology of the Shariah Fisq signifies 'going beyond the circle of obedience to Allah, or transgressing the commandments of Allah'. This transgression can either be in the form of outright denial and non-belief leading to Kufr (being a non-believer), or in the form of sinful behaviour in a Muslim. The word has frequently been used in the Quran with its first meaning. In the terminology of the Islamic jurists (Fuqaha) the word Fasiq has commonly been used to denote its second meaning, specifically referring to a person who commits a major sin and does not repent, or who insists on committing minor sins and makes it a habit. A person who commits such sins publicly and openly without being ashamed of these is called a Fajir. (Mazhari)

So the meaning of the verse is that many people get guidance through these examples, and some get misguided by these, but it is only those people who are fasiqin and who transgress against Allah's commandments who get misguided by these examples.

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE

Monday, 17 April 2017

SURAH AL-BAQARAH: 26

PART 1


إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَسۡتَحۡىِۦۤ أَن يَضۡرِبَ مَثَلاً۬ مَّا بَعُوضَةً۬ فَمَا فَوۡقَهَا‌ۚ فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ فَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡ‌ۖ وَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ فَيَقُولُونَ مَاذَآ أَرَادَ ٱللَّهُ بِهَـٰذَا مَثَلاً۬‌ۘ يُضِلُّ بِهِۦ ڪَثِيرً۬ا وَيَهۡدِى بِهِۦ كَثِيرً۬ا‌ۚ وَمَا يُضِلُّ بِهِۦۤ إِلَّا ٱلۡفَـٰسِقِينَ۔ 

INDEED IT DOES NOT EMBARRASS ALLAH TO USE AS A PARABLE, A GNAT OR WHAT EXCEEDS IT. NOW, AS FOR THOSE WHO BELIEVE, THEY KNOW IT IS THE TRUTH FROM THEIR LORD; WHILE THOSE WHO DISBELIEVE SAY, "WHAT COULD HAVE ALLAH MEANT BY THIS PARABLE?" BY THIS HE LETS MANY GO ASTRAY, AND BY THIS HE MAKES MANY FIND GUIDANCE. BUT HE DOES NOT LET ANYONE GO ASTRAY THEREBY EXCEPT THOSE WHO ARE SINFUL. 

In this verse a doubt raised about the Quran by the non-believers has been mentioned and then answered. They had been saying that had the Quran been the word of Allah, it would not have used examples of creatures as worthless as a gnat or an ant in its parables. The Holy Quran points out that when one is talking about a worthless thing it is completely appropriate to use the example of a worthless object or creature. 

The Quran also says that these doubts only arise in the minds of those whose minds have lost the power of understanding and reason because of their disbelief, while believers do not get such doubts.

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE

Sunday, 16 April 2017

SEVEN COMMANDMENTS

Hazrat Bara' Ibn Azib Razi Allah Anhu said that the Holy Prophet ﷺ has ordered us to do seven things. First, to go see a sick person to inquire about their health, second, accompanying a funeral procession, three, if a sneezing person says 'Alhamdulliah' then to say 'Yarhamuk Allah' in return, fourth, helping a weak person, fifth, helping a person who has been a victim of injustice, sixth, promoting Salam, and seventh, helping a person who has made a vow, to fulfil that vow. (Sahih Bukhari)

From the talk "The etiquette of Iyadat (visiting a sick person) by Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani Daamat Barakatahum
Part 11 (AYAT-AL-KURSI)

The ninth sentence is وَلَا يَـُٔودُهُ ۥ حِفۡظُهُمَا‌: "AND IT DOES NOT WEARY HIM TO LOOK AFTER THEM." It means that  supporting the two magnificent creations of the heavens and the earth is not the least burdensome for Allah Ta'alah since doing so, with the absolute power of Allah Ta'alah, is easy.

The tenth and the last sentence is وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَلِىُّ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ: "AND HE IS THE HIGH, THE SUPREME." It means that He is most exalted and great in majesty.

In these sentences a full description of Allah's Oneness and His perfections have been described with clarity, and in detail.

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE

Saturday, 15 April 2017

Part 10 (AYAT-AL-KURSI)

The eight sentence is "وَسِعَ كُرۡسِيُّهُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ‌ۖ": "HIS KURSI EXTENDS TO THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH." 

It means that Allah Ta'alah's Kursi (translated as chair or base of power) is so magnified that its special infinity houses, within itself, the seven heavens and the earth. Allah Almighty is above and beyond sitting and standing, and all spatial location and placement. Such verses should not be read in the context of our own physical state. The comprehension of the state of being, and the reality of His attributes, is above and beyond human reason. However, there are authentic narrations in Ahadith which simply tell us that Arsh (translated as 'throne', being a seat of authority) and Kursi (chair) are heavenly bodies many times larger than the heavens and the earth.

Ibn Kathir has reported from Sayyidna Abu Dharr al-Ghifari Razi Allah Anhu that he asked the Holy Prophet ﷺ as to what the Kursi was and what did it look like. He said: "By Allah, who is the Master of my life, the seven heavens and the earth as compared with Kursi are like the small circle of a finger-ring lying on a huge plain."

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE
GIVING PEOPLE RELAXATION IN RETURNING LOANS

Hazrat Aisha Razi Allah Anha says that once the Holy Prophet ﷺ was at home when the noises of two people arguing came from outside. The argument was over the matter that one person had loaned some money to another person. The lender was demanding that the borrower return his money. The borrower was saying that at that time he was unable to return all of the lender's money, and was requesting the lender to take back some of his loan and leave some. During this the lender vowed upon Allah's name that he would not let go of any amount of his loan. 

By that time the Holy Prophet ﷺ came out and asked, "Where is the person who was invoking Allah's name in saying that he will not do a good deed?" The lender stepped forward and said, "It is me O' Rasool Allah." And then immediately said, "However much this person can give back from the original loan I will take it and will forgive  the rest.

This was the level of obedience of the Holy Companions (Sahaba) that a moment ago the person was vowing not to forgive any part of the loan, and the moment he heard from Rasool Allah ﷺ that it was a virtuous act he volunteered to let go of it.

From the talk "Be like brothers", by Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani Daamat Barakatahum

Friday, 14 April 2017

LYING TO MAKING PEACE BETWEEN PEOPLE

Hazrat Umme Kulsoom Razi Allah Anha has said that she heard Rasool Allah ﷺ say that if a person conveys some good words from one person to another to make peace between them, or conveys what someone has said, to another person, so that the second person values the other person more and their mutual hatred decreases, then that person is not a liar. Even though that person is saying something which does not appear to be true, but is doing it with an intention that two people's mutual hatred decreases, and their anger towards each other subsides, then that person won't be counted among liars.

From the talk "Be Like Brothers" by Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani Daamat Barakatahum

Thursday, 13 April 2017

Part 9 (AYAT-AL-KURSI)


The seventh sentence is وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَىۡءٍ۬ مِّنۡ عِلۡمِهِۦۤ إِلَّا بِمَا شَآءَ‌ۚ. 'AND THEY ENCOMPASS NOTHING OF HIS KNOWLEDGE EXCEPT WHAT HE WILLS". It means that man and the rest of the created beings cannot cover even a part of Allah's Allah's infinite knowledge except the part which Allah Almighty Himself allows to be given out of His knowledge. This is all a human being can know. Here it has been made clear that the all-encompassing knowledge of every  particle in the universe is a particular attribute of Allah Ta'alah that no one shares.

From Ma'ariful Quran, by Mufti Muhammad Shafi RE